The endosperm or coconut meat, also known as "flesh" found inside the coconut is the edible part of the fruit. The coconut meat found in green coconuts is thinner and more gelatinous (Also know as “coconut jelly”) than the meat found in a mature coconut. Few months later when the coconut matures the outer husk turns brown it then falls from the palm, at this stage the water inside has slowly reduced and the endosperm becomes thicker and harder.
Coconut meat is known for its high amount of saturated fat, but in fact coconut meat contains less fat than many oilseeds (Oils extracted from plants cultivated for their seeds) such as almonds. The proportion of saturated fats in coconut meat is higher than in butter, around 90% of the fat in coconut meat is saturated. Although coconut meat contains less sugar and more protein than many other fruits for example oranges bananas and apples, it is also very high in minerals (Zinc and Iron). Coconut meat can be used in many different ways, it can be eaten fresh as a fruit, used in cooking for desserts, curries etc.
From the mature coconut meat, coconut milk can be extracted but we will come back to this story in our next post.